Sven Morlok studied economics and business administration in Mannheim and completed his studies with a diploma thesis at the TU Dresden in 1992.
Between 1992 and 1996, he worked at the Treuhandanstalt (Trust Agency) Dresden. Starting in 1996, he worked as an Assistant to the Corporate Management at Nacap GmbH; in 1999, he assumed the post of Managing Director at Nacap GmbH. From 2007 to 2009, he has been the Managing Partner at Pommer Spezialbetonbau GmbH.
Sven Morlok has been a City Councillor in Leipzig from 2005 to 2009 and a Member of the Saxon State Parliament since October 2004.